I am sure we are all familiar with the word “Arthritis” but are you just as familiar with “arthrosis?” Obviously they sound similar and you may often believe that it is just a typo but there is definitely a difference between the two conditions. Firstly, their similarities are that they both affect your bones, ligaments, and joints. They also share many of the same symptoms, including joint stiffness and pain. But the difference between the two is important.
Arthritis is almost like an “umbrella” that is used to describe several conditions that cause inflammation of the joints. In some cases, the inflammation can also affect your skin, muscles, and organs. Examples include osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and gout.
Arthrosis is another name for Osteoarthritis which is one of the most common type of arthritis, according to the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases.
It is caused by normal wear and tear on your joints and cartilage. Cartilage is tissue that covers the ends of the bones, providing almost a cushion and slippery surface for the bone to move easily within the joint and providing a buffer against impact. With continual movement and impact your cartilage can deteriorate and in some cases completely rub away resulting in bone-on-bone contact. This obviously causes poor range of movement at the joint, pain, stiffness and sometimes swelling.
Arthrosis can affect any joint in your body. However, it more often affect joints that are fully moveable, are in continual use and take a lot of impact such as your hands, neck, knees, and hips. Your risk of developing the disease increases with age.
The symptoms of arthritis vary from one type to another. Joint pain and stiffness are the two most common. Other common symptoms of arthritis include:
•swelling in your joints
•redness of the skin around the affected joints
•reduced range of motion in the affected joints
The most common symptoms of arthrosis, in particular, include:
•tenderness around the affected joints
•reduced flexibility in the affected joints
•bone-to-bone grating or rubbing
•bone spurs, or small bits of extra bone growth that may develop around affected joints
What are the risk factors for arthritis, including arthrosis?
Your risk of developing arthrosis, as well as some other types of arthritis, can be affected by:
•Age: Arthrosis and many other types of arthritis are more common in older people.
•Gender: Women are more likely to develop arthrosis. Men are more likely to develop gout.
•Weight: Extra weight puts more pressure on your joints. This raises your risk of joint damage and arthrosis. Being overweight also raises your risk of some other types of arthritis.
•Injuries: Accidents and infections can damage your joints, raising your risk of arthrosis. It can also raise your chances of developing some other types of arthritis.
•Joint deformities: Malformed cartilage and uneven joints increase your risk of arthrosis.
•Occupation: Work that requires you to put a lot of stress on joints can increase your risk of arthrosis.
•Genes: You’re more likely to develop arthrosis if you have a family history of the condition. Your genes also affect your chances of developing other types of arthritis like RA.
Your doctor will recommend a treatment plan for arthrosis, or other types of arthritis. Treatments may include:
•Medication: These include over-the-counter (OTC) acetaminophen, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
•Physical therapy: A therapist will teach you to perform exercises to help you strengthen and stabilize your joints and regain or maintain your range of motion.
•Occupational therapy: A therapist will help you develop strategies to adjust your work environment or habits to help manage your condition.
•Orthotics: These include braces, splints, or shoe inserts that help relieve stress and pressure on damaged joints.
•Joint surgery: A joint replacement or joint fusion will clean, replace, or fuse damaged joints.
In most cases, your doctor will encourage you to try less invasive treatments before they recommend surgery.
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